Is Fanaticism and Absolutism a Demonstration of Extremism?

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Fanaticism had been a trademark of some young Muslims nowadays. To them they are just following what the Qur'an and Sunnah prescribe. However, they only listen to the interpretation of the Ulama' they recognize. Who are they?


Please allow me to review the famous scholar’s, Dr. Yusuf Al-Qaradawi’s, book entitled "Islam Ekstreme Suatu Analisis & Cabaran Terhadap Kebangkitan Islam" translated by Darul Iman Publication based in Malaysia. This book explains the extremisms in the Islamic Ummah. In the early chapter, he listed some characteristics of an extremist. The writer would like to mention a summary of the characteristics of an extremist, which are as follows:

a. Fanatic to one opinion and rejects other opinions:

The obvious characteristic of an extremist is fanaticism; he does not recognize other opinions. This person sticks to his idea and is blind to the need of the society, time, and geographical location. He does not appreciate consultation and dialogue. He does not listen to anyone while claming that his basis is the most authentic. Finally, he suspects that other's opinion is selfish. The truth is he generally has a deviated opinion.

b. Insists on things that are not Wajib:

Instead of looking to ease things, he forces himself and others to do the things that are not obligated by Allah (saw).

God said:

"Allah intends for you ease, and He does want to makes things difficult for you". (Qur'an 2:185)

c. Makes things difficult:

There is no word of consideration and flexibility, and does not put the right things to the right place. Obviously this characteristic is leading Muslims to be uncomfortable.

d. Harsh in speech and with a hardened heart:

This person possesses the characteristic of hurtful term of communication and da'wah, which is against the guidance of God and His Messenger mentioned in the Qur'an 16:25.

God is allowing you to be hurtful only during war 9:123 and court session Qur'an 24:2.

e. Suspicious/ Pessimist:

This person is always watching your weaknesses and never gives attention to your positive side. And if ever you will not follow what they think are right, then you are blamed and neglected. Indeed they are against this ayat: “O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion; indeed suspicions are sins." (Qur'an 49:12)

f. Involving to the line of kuffar:

This is the highest level of extremism. This kind of a person accuses fellow Muslims as kafir or murtad. For them Muslims who are not following their belief are murtad.

Finally, it is just easy for him to destroy a person’s wealth and life.

Alhamdulillah, the last characteristic still not exist in the young Muslim today.

May Allah guide us!
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